Phu Quoc is the Vietnam’s largest island and the biggest island among 22 islands of Phu Quoc Archipelago, with many overlapping hills and mountains. It can be said that the mountains are the first feature of the island, also one of the beauties of Phu Quoc.
Due to the geological structure and the volcanic eruption, the hills and mountains of Phu Quoc are mostly red soil mountains combined with granite. The mountains of Phu Quoc are parallel ranges from north to south, the north is higher and lower down to the south is mountainous terrain interspersed with narrow plains with an average slope of 15 degrees, and there are branches the longest is Ham Ninh mountain range (30km), followed by Ham Rong mountain range (10km) and Bai Dai mountain range.
In addition, the northeast of the island is an area with high terrain, the highest peak is Chua mountain (603m), followed by Vo Quao mountain (478m), Ong Thay mountain (438m), Da Bac mountain (448m). Although the mountain is not very high, it is big and wide enough; the combination of geomorphology and vegetation is enough to store water to create springs in the forest that flow all year round.
Mostly, the area of hills and forests accounts for 75% of the island’s area. Forest trees on the island are a large flora with about 900 species, 600 genera, 200 families. Moreover, on the mountain ranges is a very rich flora and fauna system; ancient forests, primeval forests with many precious woods.
Big wood has up to 150 species, 100 genera and about 40 families; especially, there is a type of wood that is specialized in making fish sauce containers, building boats, etc. Medicinal plants have about 60 species, 60 genera, over 40 families… have contributed to creating the majesty and uniqueness of the island.
In addition, Phu Quoc forest is also a breeding place for wild animals about 150 species, 100 genera, nearly 70 families (of which 23 species are recorded in the Red Book). Besides, there are three flora systems (Malaysia, Burma and Himalayas), creating a very rich plant genetic resource… In general, it can be said that Phu Quoc forest is creating a distinct rich nuance of the island.